- ai-rāEnglish meaning: a k. of grassDeutsche Übersetzung: “Grasart”Note: Root ai-rü : “a k. of grass” is a reduced root *ai-tra from which derived also Root ai-tro- : “bitter, sharp”.Material: O.Ind. ērakü “ a grass kind “, Gk. αἶρα “ weed in the wheat, ryegrass, darnel “ αἰρικός, αἴρινος “ from ryegrass, darnel “), Ltv. aĩres, aĩrenes “ ryegrass, darnel “. maybe through metathesis Alb. (*aĩres > ēser) egjër “Lolium temulentum, ryegrass, darnel” [common Alb. -s- > -gj- shift].References: WP. I 12, Specht Decl. 2061.
Proto-Indo-European etymological dictionary. 2015.